How is OS-1 different from sport drinks?
OS-1 oral rehydration solution contains higher levels of electrolytes than most sports drinks and a lower concentration of carbohydrates than sports drinks in order to speed absorption of water and electrolytes. This enables OS-1 to replenish electrolytes (sodium and other salts which are lacking when a person is dehydrated), as advocated for oral hydration therapy.
Electrolyte compositions of oral rehydration solutions, etc.
||Sodium (mEq/L)||Potassium (mEq/L)||Chloride (mEq/L)||Carbohydrate (glucose) (%)|
|Sports drinks*||9 to 23||3 to 5||5 to 18||6 to 10|
|WHO oral rehydration solution#||75||20||65||1.35|
|Oral rehydration guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics (maintenance fluid)##||40 to 60||20||2.0 to 2.5|
# World Health Organization http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/fch_cah_06_1/en/
(as of August 2019)
## AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS Committee on Nutrition: PEDIATRICS 1985;75(2):358-361
Sports drinks are sufficient for replenishment of water and electrolytes after everyday activities. However, OS-1 oral rehydration solution is appropriate for mild to moderate dehydration in circumstances such as the following.
- Dehydration associated with diarrhea, vomiting, or fever due to infectious enteritis or the common cold
- Dehydration due to inadequate oral intake in the elderly
- Dehydration due to excessive perspiration
- OS-1 Jelly should be used by people with trouble chewing or swallowing